Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3791
標題: 光合微生物燃料電池產電機制之研究及新式微生物燃料電池之開發
Mechanism study on photosynthetic microbial fuel cells and development of a novel microbial fuel cell
作者: 王志峯
Wang, Chih-Feng
關鍵字: Nernst equation;能士特方程式;Photosynthetic microbial fuel cells;Spirulina platensis;光合微生物燃料電池;螺旋藻
出版社: 化學工程學系所
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摘要: 
本研究利用能士特方程式(Nernst equation)做為理論基礎,探討此方程式與光合微生物燃料電池(Photosynthetic microbial fuel cells)產電之關係,期望替電池尋找一條模型(Model),使其能完整描述電壓變化的過程。實驗結果顯示不管是在陽極或是陰極通入氧氣,還是藉由通入二氧化碳改變槽內之氫離子濃度,其所造成電壓之變化都與吾人利用能士特方程式所推測之情況相符合。並且由於能士特方程式中,並無微生物本體對光合微生物燃料電池之電壓的影響,因此根據實驗結果,提出修正型的能士特方程式(Modified Nernst equation),使其更能完整的描述電壓之變化。而吾人在研究中發現藉由對陽極或是陰極交替式地曝氣,會使得電壓呈現振盪之現象,根據實驗結果推測其原因為質傳所造成的,並推測可藉由能士特方程式,使光合微生物燃料電池產生如同交流電之狀況。
吾人發現在光照的情況下,懸浮的螺旋藻細胞在生長的過程中,會伴隨著較低的電壓變化,但是在無光照且將微藻附著在電極上,隨著電壓之提升,螺旋藻細胞會有明顯減少之情況,根據實驗結果,吾人開發出新型光合微生物燃料電池裝置,期望對延長電池之壽命及提升產電之效率帶來關鍵性的發展。

Based on the Nernst equation, the mechanism of the electric response on photosynthetic microbial fuel cells (PMFC) was investigated in this study. From the experimental results, the variation of voltage can be predicted by Nernst equation under the condition of sparging with N2 or CO2. According to Nernst equation, the microbial cell growth shows little effects on the voltage of PMFC. A modified Nernst equation was proposed to describe the varieties of voltage properly. Additionally, the phenomenon of oscillation on voltage was caused by aerating gas in anode or cathode by turns. The different way on stirring was examined, and it shows the reason of oscillation was mass transfer, and there is a chance to make alternating current by Nernst equation.
It is observed that the suspended algae cell will grow with little voltage change in the light condition. However when operating in the dark condition with the cell attached in the electrode, the algae cell will decline along with a large voltage response. According to these phenomena, a novel PMFC device was built. The expected change response was observed on the experimental results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3791
其他識別: U0005-0408201021412500
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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