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標題: Effect of high salinity on tracheary element differentiation in light-grown callus of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum
作者: Yen, H.C.E.
Yen, S.K.
關鍵字: cytodifferentiation;ice plant;salicylic acid;salt stress;tracheary;element;phenylalanine ammonia-lyase;zinnia-elegans l;salicylic-acid;suspension-cultures;mesophyll-cells;pith explants;expression;proline;biosynthesis;xylogenesis
Project: Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture
期刊/報告no:: Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture, Volume 58, Issue 1, Page(s) 59-65.
This study investigated the inhibitory effects of NaCl on tracheary element (TE) differentiation in light-grown callus of ice plant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L., a halophyte which adaptes well to saline environments. When ice plant callus was grown in a modified Linsmaier-Bednar and Skoog culture medium containing no NaCl (control medium), up to 20% of ice plant cells differentiated into tracheary elements during in vitro culture. Close examination of callus tissues stained with potassium permanganate revealed that tracheary elements were aggregated as discrete nodules. Some strikingly elongated tracheary elements were found in the macerated tissues. Experimental results indicated that adding 200 mM NaCl to the control medium reversibly inhibited the formation of tracheary element in the halophytic cells. The rate of tracheary element formation increased accordingly as the rate of cell growth in control medium. In the presence of high salt, the degree of tracheary element differentation remained low through the growth cycle. The inhibitory effect of salt on tracheary element differentiation was overcome by adding 10 mg l(-1) salicylic acid, a known signaling compound that induces a diverse group of defense-related genes, including genes involved in reinforcing the host cell wall. Furthermore, microscopic examination revealed that most tracheary elements formed under this treatment (200 mM NaCl plus 10 mg l(-1) salicylic acid) were round shaped. The results suggest that high salt inhibits both the biosynthesis of secondary wall components and cell elongation ice plant in vitro culture.
ISSN: 0167-6857
DOI: 10.1023/a:1006361702645
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所

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