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標題: Evaluation on Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity of the Exfoliated Silicate Nanoclay
作者: 蘇鴻麟
Li, P.R.
Wei, J.C.
Chiu, Y.F.
Su, H.L.
Peng, F.C.
Lin, J.J.
關鍵字: nanosilicate platelets;cytotoxicity;genotoxicity;nanomaterials;acute;oral toxicity;wall carbon nanotubes;electrochemical biosensors;gold nanoparticles;oxidative stress;drug-delivery;human-cells;zinc-oxide;in-vitro;clay;nanomaterials
Project: Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces
期刊/報告no:: Acs Applied Materials & Interfaces, Volume 2, Issue 6, Page(s) 1608-1613.
The concern about toxicity for nanosilicate platelets (NSP) derived from natural montmorillonite clay is addressed. The NSP nanoclay was isolated from polyamine salt exfoliation of the layered silicate clay into randomized individual plates, possessing multiple ionic charges on the surface of silicate plates with an average geometric dimension of ca. 80 x 80 x 1 nm(3). The material had been previously shown to be effective for antimicrobial and tendency for adhering onto the biomaterial surface based on the direct observation by using scanning electron microscope. The material safety on genotoxic effect was investigated by using three different test systems: the Comet assay test on Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells in vitro, micronucleus (MN) assay in vivo and the Salmonella gene mutation assay on strain TA98, TA100, TA102, TA1535 and TA1537. The Comet assay showed no DNA damage after 24 h of incubation with NSP of 1000 mu g/mL. The MN test indicated no significant micronucleus induction in the CHO cells at the concentrations tested. With all five strains of Salmonella typhimurium, none of mutations was found. Furthermore, cytotoxicity of the same material was assayed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, showing a low cytotoxicity on CHO cells below 1000 mu g/mL after 12 h incubation period and a dose-dependent effect after 24 h incubation. For feeding to rats, the acute oral toxicity was shown a low lethal dose (LD(50)) or greater than 5700 mg/kg body weight for both male and female Sprague-Dawley rats, Overall, the study has demonstrated the safety of the NSP for potential uses in biomedical areas.
ISSN: 1944-8244
DOI: 10.1021/am1001162
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所

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