Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/3894
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor張新福zh_TW
dc.contributor陳炎輝zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor鄭紀民zh_TW
dc.contributor.author許壹忠zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorHSU, YI-JUNGen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2012zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T05:33:02Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T05:33:02Z-
dc.identifierU0005-1507201114465000zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/3894-
dc.description.abstract全球正面臨著能源短缺及環境變遷的危機,各國均在尋求研發能替代石油的能源方案。如氫能源及燃料電池等一些較環保又安全的新興替代能源。甲醇燃料電池被視為替代能源的方案之一,主要因其有高能量轉換效能、低汙染的條件。但甲醇燃料電池本身在反應的過程中會產生一氧化碳,使得其造成甲醇燃料電池陽極觸媒上的白金產生毒化的現象,進而影響甲醇燃料電池的效能。過去使用在燃料電池上的觸媒大部分都是使用高孔隙度的材料來當作載體,像早期的碳黑和奈米碳管當做載體,這些材料有著良好的導電性、高的比表面積。近幾年來在此議題的研究顯示,石墨烯有著獨特的結構、機械、物理與化學性質,並可以提供較多的反應面積,有做為電極材料之潛力。 本研究目的在於提供一個性質優越的載體,利用鉑、銠金屬在石墨的分散度來合成性質優越的陽極電極觸媒材料,因此選用了石墨烯當做陽極的觸媒材料。首先一開始為製備石墨烯實驗是利用Hummers method 來製備氧化石墨烯,在金屬粒子的覆載使用氯鉑酸當作前驅物,以乙二醇還原法使鉑粒子均勻的分散在石墨烯上,而且能夠把氧化石墨烯還原成石墨烯,再利用不同的金屬濃度來檢測甲醇燃料電池毒化的效果,並利用不同的溫度製備鉑-石墨烯觸媒以找出粒子能夠吸附在石墨烯載體上的最佳還原溫度。最後利用銠來當作第二金屬輔助觸媒。以XRD鑑定材料晶相,TEM觀察金屬粒徑與分散情況並由其氧化還原電流比來探討觸媒對一氧化碳的抗毒性且探討不同的鉑、銠含量比、粒徑大小與分散度等條件來研究對直接甲醇燃料電池觸媒的效率的影響。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractGlobal is facing energy and environmental crisis,many countries in the world are bound to develop alternative energy to displace petroleum fuels. Alternative energies can be more safe and clean to the environments such as hydrogen energy and fuel cell. The methanol fuel cell has been one of the alternative energy projects to due to its high energy conversion ratio and low pollution. But methanol fuel cell produces carbon monoxide during reaction process and deactivate the platinum catalyst in the methanol fuel cell. In the past few years, most of the catalysts with high porosity properties has been used in the methanol fuel cell. such as carbon block and carbon nanotubes. These carbonaceous materials have good electrical conductivity and high surface area. In recent years, many studies show that graphene have unigue structure, mechanical, physical and chemical properties. These excellent properties provide more active surface sites for a specific reaction. The purpose of this study is to prepare a good support that to anchor platinum metal using as anode electrocatalyst material. The anode material will use graphene. First prepare graphene material. The Hummers method will be applied to make graphite oxide as a metallic precursor using dihydrogen hexachloroplatinate hexahydrate as the metallic precursor. To evaluate the performance of the methanol fuel cell with the function of metal concentration and to find the optimum reduction temperature for metal to disperse on graphene. Finally, rhodium can be used as second metallic to assistant catalyst. The metallic crystal phase can be determined by XRD, and particle size and dispersion of the metal can be observed by TEM. The catalyst has the tolenace toward CO resistance by changing redox current ratio and reaches the methanol fuel cell efficient can be determined by controlling Pt/Rh ratio particle size and dispersion.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents中文摘要 Ⅰ 英文摘要 Ⅱ 目錄 圖目錄 Ⅵ 表目錄 Ⅸ 第一章 緒論 1 1-1研究背景 1 1-2研究目的 2 第二章 文獻回顧 4 2-1燃料電池的簡介 4 2-1-1燃料電池的種類 5 2-1-2直接甲醇燃料電池的優點和應用 7 2-2直接甲醇燃料電池 7 2-2-1基本的直接甲醇反應 7 2-2-2甲醇於白金電極上的反應機構 8 2-3石墨烯介紹 10 2-3-1製備方法 13 2-4 觸媒的製備 15 2-5 循環伏安分析法 17 第三章 實驗設備與研究方法 21 3-1實驗藥品 21 3-2 實驗儀器 22 3-3 實驗方法 23 3-3-1 氧化石墨烯製備方法 23 3-3-2 鉑金屬粒子的合成 23 3-3-3 鉑-銠雙合金金屬粒子的合成 25 3-4 分析儀器簡介 26 3-4-1 紅外線光譜儀 26 3-4-2 熱重損失分析儀 27 3-4-3 廣角X-ray分析儀 28 3-4-4 穿透式電子顯微鏡 30 3-4-5場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡 31 3-4-6 電化學測試系統 31 3-4-7 X-射線光電子光譜 32 第四章 實驗結果與討論 33 4-1 石墨烯的製備與特性分析 33 4-2 鉑金屬電極觸媒的合成 43 4-2-1不同溫度的合成粒子 43 4-2-2不同濃度的鉑金屬的合成 51 4-2-3電化學測試 61 4-3 鉑銠雙成分金屬催化劑的合成 72 第五章 結論 78 參考文獻 79  zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher化學工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1507201114465000en_US
dc.subjectGrapheneen_US
dc.subject石墨烯zh_TW
dc.subjectmethanol oxideen_US
dc.subjectelectrochemicalen_US
dc.subjectnanoparticleen_US
dc.subject甲醇氧化zh_TW
dc.subject電化學zh_TW
dc.subject奈米金屬粒子zh_TW
dc.title合成鉑銠金屬粒子擔持在石墨烯電極觸媒對甲醇氧化之研究zh_TW
dc.titleSynthesis of the Pt and Rh nanoparticles on graphene for methanol oxidationen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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