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Development of Fast Charging and Diagnostic Techniques for Lead-Acid Batteries
|關鍵字:||Lead-Acid Battery;鉛酸電池;Fast Charge Method;Battery Diagnostics;快速充電方法;電池診斷||出版社:||精密工程學系所||引用:||C. C. Chan, ”The past, present and future of electric vehicle development”, in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electronics and Drive Systems, Hong Kong , vol.1, pp. 11-13, 1999. 孫清華, ”可充電電池技術大全”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, p.1-1-p.1-11, 2003年9月。 孫清華, ”可充電電池技術大全”, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, p.6-2, 2003年9月。 T. Palanisamy and P. O. Box, “Charging techniques for a universal lead-acid battery charger”, Porc. Int. Power Sources Symp., pp.72-76, 1999. A. Kaswamura and T. Yanagihara, “State of Charge Estimation of Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries used for Electric Vehicles”, IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conf. Rec., pp.583-587, 1998. R. C. Cope and Y. Podrazhansky, “The Art of Battery Charging”, Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp.233-235, Jun.1999. J. H. Aylor, A. Thieme and B. W. Johnson, “A Battery State-of-Charge Indicator for Electric Wheelchairs”, IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 398-409, 1992. R. Z. Toll and M. R. Moore, ”Real-Time Capacity Prediction and Uncertainty for VRLA Products: A Customer’s Perspective”, the 24th Annual International Telecommunications Energy Conference, (INTELEC) 2002, Plais Descongrès de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada, pp.115-120, Sep 2002. J. H. Aylor, “A Battery State-of-Charge Indicator for Electric Wheelchairs”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, pp. 398-409, 1992. T. Yanagihara and A. Kawamure, “Residual Capacity Estimation of Sealed Lead-Acid Batteries for Electric Vehicles”, Power Conversion Conference, Nagaoka, pp.943-946, 1997. M. J. Hlavac and D. Feder, “VRLA Battery Monitoring using Conductance Technology”, the 17th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELE) 1995, Netherlands Congress Center, Netherlands, pp. 284-291, 1995. O. Caumont, “Energy Gauge for Lead-Acid Batteries in Electric Vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp.354-360, Sep. 2000. R. J. Ball, R. Kurian, R. Evans, and R. Stevens, “Failure mechanisms in Value Regulated Lead/Acid Batteries for Cyclic Applications”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 109, No. 1, pp. 189-202, Jun. 2002. C. S. Bose and G. W. Mathiesen, “Gas Evolution Recombination and Grid Corrosion in a VRLA Battery Under High Temperature Operating Conditions”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp. 13-17, Oct. 1997. J. P. Gun, J. N. Fiorina, M. Fraisse, and H. Mabboux, “Increasing UPS Battery Life:Main Failure Modes, Charging and Monitoring Solutions”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp.389-396 , Oct. 1997. R. J. Ball, R. Evans, M. Deven, and R. Stevens, “Characterisation of Defects Observed Within the Positive Grid Corrosion Layer of the Valve Regulated Lead/Acid Battery”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 103, No. 2, pp.207-212, Jan. 2002. D. Berndt, “Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol.95, No.1-2, pp. 2-12, Mar. 2001. J. B. Olson and E. D. Sexton, “Charging VRLA Batteries in Cycling Applications”, 14th Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp. 155-159, Jan. 1999. H. Gu, “Mathematical Modeling in Lead-Acid Battery Development”, 6th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, United States, pp. 47-56, Jan. 1991. 徐曼珍, 閥控式密封鉛蓄電池及其在通訊中的應用, 人民郵電出版社, 1997年9 月, 第一版。 F. Kramm, “Influence of Temperature and Charging Voltage on the Endurance of VRLA-Batteries”, 19th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1997, Melbourne Convention Center, Melbourne, pp. 25-28, Oct. 1997. K. R. Bullock, P. K. Ng, J. L. Valdes, and R. A. Holland, “Defining the Life of Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid Batteries: A New Approach to Accelerated Testing”, 17th International Telecommunications Energy Conference (INTELEC) 1995, Netherlands Congress Center, Netherlands , pp. 78-85, Oct./Nov, 1995. Y. Reynier, R. Yazami, and B. Fultz, “Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Self-Discharge in Graphite-Lithium Electrodes”, The 17th Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances, California State University, California, pp.145-150, Jan. 2002. 周靜娟、吳明瑞、顏培仁, 圖控程式與自動量側使用LabView7.X,全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 2005年10月, 第二版。 曾裕傑, ”鉛酸電池充電特性與檢測之研究”, 中原大學電機學系碩士論文, 90年6月。 S. Sato, A. Kawamura, “A New Estimation Method of State of Charge using Terminal Voltage and Internal Resistance for Lead Acid Battery”, Power Conversion Conference, Osaka International Convention Center, Osaka, pp.565-570, 2002.||摘要:||
The object of this research focuses on the development of the charge method for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The conventional fast charge methods used to charge the small capacity lead-acid battery always required approximately 3 to 6 hours, which would damage the battery due to the long charge time and high battery temperature. In this thesis, a novel fast charge method has been developed for the small capacity lead-acid batteries. The charging time can be controlled within 30 minutes, and the battery temperature can be kept below 40C. In addition, an in-time battery diagnostic method is very important during the operation of the lead-acid batteries. Various detection methods of battery characteristics have been used but there still possess some shortcomings such as low accuracy and high battery temperature (normally, the temperature should be kept below 40C during charging of the battery). In this thesis, the LabView software was utilized as a convenient interface for the user to monitor the voltage level of the lead-acid battery immediately and to display the electric capacity during fast charging of the lead-acid battery. The voltage level, current, and temperature of the battery can be monitored simultaneously. The inner resistance graph, open circuit voltage graph, voltage resume time graph, and capacity formula can also be obtained. These make this system have high accurate diagnosis ability up to 90%. Thus we can avoid the damage and increase the lifetime of battery effectively. From our experimental results, the verified diagnostic system shows that the proposed fast charging method can be used for the lead-acid battery with high efficiency.
|Appears in Collections:||精密工程研究所|
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