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標題: Polythiophene derivative comprising carbazoles as pendant groups for polymer solar cell applications
作者: Wang, H.J.
Chan, L.H.
Chen, C.P.
Lee, R.H.
Su, W.C.
Jeng, R.J.
Project: Thin Solid Films
期刊/報告no:: Thin Solid Films, Volume 519, Issue 15, Page(s) 5264-5269.
We have prepared a polythiophene copolymer (CzPh-PT) containing 9-position substituted carbazoles as bulky pendants and investigated its application in polymer solar cell (PSC). Electrochemical study presented that the onset oxidation potential positively shifted 0.47 eV for CzPh-PT in comparison with that of poly(3-hexyl thiophene). By incorporating the bulky substituent of CzPh-PT, the effective conjugation length can be curtailed, and consequently a lowered HOMO energy level (-5.38 eV) was acquired. This promises better air stability and a high open circuit voltage (V(oc)) for the PSC. Moreover, the optical properties of CzPh-PT reveal that the presence of pi-pi interaction between carbazole units can enhance light harvesting ability in visible region, leading to a wide absorbance. PSC was fabricated based on an interpenetrating network of CzPh-PT as electron-sufficient polymer and [6,6]-phenyl C(61) butyric acid methyl ester (PC(61)BM) as electron-deficient material. The PSC device based on the blend of CzPh-PT/PC(61)BM (w/w = 1:1) gave the best preliminary result with a V(oc) of 0.85 V, a short-circuit current of 1.57 mA/cm(2), and a fill factor of 0.27, offering an overall power conversion efficiency of 0.36%. Our finding suggests that the polythiophene derivative comprising bulky steric groups as side chains is promising for PSC applications. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0040-6090
DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2011.01.173
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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