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標題: A biocatalyst for the removal of sulfite from alcoholic beverages
作者: Lin, S.C.
Georgiou, G.
關鍵字: sulfites;alcoholic beverages;wheatgrass;biocatalytic oxidation;sulfite oxidase;elemental sulfur;chloroplasts;oxidation;oxidase;drinks;asthma;wheat
Project: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
期刊/報告no:: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Volume 89, Issue 1, Page(s) 123-127.
The presence of sulfites in alcoholic beverages, particularly in wines, can cause allergic responses with symptoms ranging from mild gastrointestinal problems to life threatening anaphylactic shock in a substantial portion of the population. We have developed a simple and inexpensive biocatalytic method that employs wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum) chloroplasts for the efficient oxidation of sulfites in wines to innocuous sulfates. A sufficiently high rate of sulfite oxidation was obtained in the presence of ethanol at concentrations commonly found in most wines. Crude chloroplast preparations at a concentration as low as 5 mg/mL were capable of reducing sulfite in commercial white wines from 150 ppm to under 7.5 ppm within 3 hours. A 93% removal of sulfite in commercial red wines was observed with 1 mg/mL chloroplasts within 45 min. Optimal sulfite removal efficiency was observed at pH 8.5 and was promoted by illumination, indicating the participation of light-induced photosynthetic electron transport processes in sulfite oxidation. Overall, this work indicates that biocatalytic oxidation using wheatgrass chloroplasts can be employed to remove sulfites from beverages prior to consumption. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 0006-3592
DOI: 10.1022/bit.20307
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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