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標題: Facile, One-Pot Synthesis of Aromatic Diamine-Based Phosphinated Benzoxazines and Their Flame-Retardant Thermosets
作者: Lin, C.H.
Lin, H.T.
Sie, J.W.
Hwang, K.Y.
Tu, A.P.
關鍵字: flame retardance;ring-opening polymerization;thermosets;structure-property relationship;high-performance thermosets;ring-chain;tautomerism;main-chain;thermal polymerization;o-hydroxybenzylamine;cross-linking;epoxy-resins;polybenzoxazines;derivatives
Project: Journal of Polymer Science Part a-Polymer Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Polymer Science Part a-Polymer Chemistry, Volume 48, Issue 20, Page(s) 4555-4566.
Three aromatic diamine-based, phosphinated benzoxazines (7-9) were prepared from three typical aromatic diamines-4,4'-diamino diphenyl methane (1), 4,4'-diamino diphenyl sulfone (2), and 4,4'-diamino diphenyl ether (3) by a one-pot procedure. To clarify the reaction mechanism, a two-pot procedure was applied, in which the reaction intermediates (4-6) were isolated for characterization. The structures of intermediates and benzoxazines were confirmed by high resolution mass, IR, and 1D and 2D-NMR spectra. In addition to self-polymerization, (7-9) were copolymerized with cresol novolac epoxy (CNE). After curing, the homopolymers of P(7-9) are brittle while the copolymers of (7-9)/CNE are tough. Dynamic mechanical analysis shows the T(g)s of (7-9)/CNE copolymers are 187, 190, and 171 degrees C, respectively. Thermal mechanical analysis shows the CTEs of (7-9)/CNE copolymers are 46, 38, and 46 ppm, respectively. All the (7-9)/CNE copolymers belong to an UL-94 V-0 grade, demonstrating good flame retardancy. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 48: 4555-4566, 2010
ISSN: 0887-624X
DOI: 10.1002/pola.24247
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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