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標題: Aromatic diamine-based benzoxazines and their high performance thermosets
作者: Lin, C.H.
Chang, S.L.
Hsieh, C.W.
Lee, H.H.
關鍵字: benzoxazine;thermoset;curing;epoxy-resin;polybenzoxazines;monomers;polymers;polymerization;phthalonitrile;degradation;maleimide;phenols
Project: Polymer
期刊/報告no:: Polymer, Volume 49, Issue 5, Page(s) 1220-1229.
Four high-purity aromatic diamine-based benzoxazines (13-16), which could not easily be synthesized by traditional approaches, were successfully synthesized by a facile, widely useful three-step synthetic method using four typical aromatic diamines - 4,4'-diamino diphenyl methane (1), 4,4'-diamino diphenyl sulfone (2), 2,2-bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)propane (3), and bis(4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl)ether (4), respectively, as starting materials. The structures of the monomers (5-16) were confirmed by H-1, C-13, H-1-H-1 and H-1-C-13 NMR spectra. Their high performance thermosets, P(13-16), were obtained by thermal curing of benzoxazines (13-16), and their properties were studied and compared with polymer derived from bis(3,4-dihydro-2H-3-phenyl-1,3-benzoxazinyl) methane (F-a), a typical aromatic biphenol-based benzoxazine. Among the benzoxazines, 13 and F-a are constitutional isomers, but the T-g value and 5% decomposition temperature of P(13) are 53 and 111 degrees C, respectively, higher than those of P(F-a), demonstrating the power of the molecule-approach to enhance the thermal properties. Because of the large varieties of aromatic diamines, this approach can increase the molecule-design flexibility of benzoxazines. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0032-3861
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2007.12.042
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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