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|標題:||Vapor-liquid equilibria and densities of CO2 with four unsaturated fatty acid esters at elevated pressures||作者:||Chang, C.M.J.
|關鍵字:||vapor-liquid equilibria;oleic acid methyl ester;linoleic acid methyl;ester;eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester;docosahexaenoic acid ethyl;ester;density measurement;equation of state and correlation;x-y diagrams;supercritical carbon-dioxide;constants;mixtures;equation;ethanol;state||Project:||Fluid Phase Equilibria||期刊/報告no：:||Fluid Phase Equilibria, Volume 233, Issue 1, Page(s) 56-65.||摘要:||
In this study experimental P-T-x-y equilibrium data for four binary mixtures over a wide range of pressure (10.44-23.54MPa) were determined at 313 K and 333 K. Liquid and vapor densities of carbon dioxide + four fatty acid ester systems, including oleic acid methyl ester, linoleic acid methyl ester, eicosapentacnoic acid ethyl ester, and docosahexaenoic acid ethyl ester were measured by using two circulating systems consisting of two vibrating tube densitometers. The vapor-phase density was observed to increase more significantly with pressure than the liquid-phase density at constant temperature. Experimental equilibrium constants of oleic acid methyl ester and linoleic acid methyl ester were found to be larger than those of eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester, docosahaxaenoic acid ethyl ester, linoleic acid, triolein, and tocopherol. This indicates that the two methylated fatty acids would be extracted easier than the other compounds in a separation process using supercrifical CO2 extraction. The equilibrium data were successfully correlated using the Peng-Robinson and modified Soave-Redlich-Kwong equations of state with quadratic (two parameters), Panagiotopoulos-Reid (three parameters), and Adachi-Sugie (three parameters) mixing rules. In general, the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state with the Panagiotopoulos-Reid mixing rules and the quadratic mixing rules give the best correlation for methylated fatty acids and ethylated fatty acids, respectively. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系所|
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