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標題: Catalytic esterification of sodium salicylate in third-liquid phase under ultrasound-assisted tri-liquid phase-transfer catalysis
作者: Yang, H.M.
Chen, C.H.
關鍵字: Phase-transfer catalysis;Third-liquid phase;Ultrasonic irradiation;Esterification;o-Hydroxybenzoic acid butyl ester;kinetics;1,7-octadiene;benzoylation;mechanism;system;salt
Project: Journal of Molecular Catalysis a-Chemical
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Molecular Catalysis a-Chemical, Volume 312, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 107-113.
The esterification of sodium salicylate to synthesize n-butyl salicylate was investigated via ultrasound-assisted tri-liquid phase-transfer catalysis. The third-liquid phase containing the catalytic intermediate tetra-n-butylphosphonium salicylate (ArCOOQ) was prepared from the reaction of sodium salicylate and tetra-n-butylphosphonium bromide with a large excess of NaBr in the aqueous phase. Under ultrasonic irradiation at 28 kHz/300W, the product yield in the organic phase was 97.4% at 70 degrees C after 100 min of reaction in a batch reactor. The reaction rate increased with decreasing ultrasonic frequency in the range of 28-80 kHz. The variations of ArCOOQ in the third-liquid phase during reaction were analyzed. A pseudo-first-order kinetic model was proposed to describe the overall reaction. The increment in apparent rate constant was 53.3% under ultrasonic irradiation. The assistance of ultrasound in third-liquid phase-transfer catalysis provides an efficient and environmentally benign method to synthesize esters. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1381-1169
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcata.2009.07.014
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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