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標題: Comparisons on the antioxidant properties of fresh, freeze-dried and hot-air-dried tomatoes
作者: Chang, C.H.
Lin, H.Y.
Chang, C.Y.
Liu, Y.C.
關鍵字: antioxidant properties;freeze-drying;hot-air-drying;lycopene;tomato;ascorbic-acid;human health;vitamin-c;lipid oxidation;canned peas;lycopene;products;carotenoids;capacity;broccoli
Project: Journal of Food Engineering
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Food Engineering, Volume 77, Issue 3, Page(s) 478-485.
In this study, two varieties of tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.), "I-Tien-Hung (ITH)" and "Sheng-Neu (SN)", were used to study the effects of different drying processes, freeze-dried (FD) and hot-air-dried (AD), on the antioxidant properties of tomatoes. In the quantitative analysis of antioxidative components, fresh SN samples had the highest amount of ascorbic acid but the lowest amount of total flavonoids. AD-ITH and AD-SN had the highest content of total phenolics, and AD-SN contained the highest amount of lycopene. In the analysis of reducing power, methanolic extract (ME) from FD tomato gave the highest reducing power while the butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and alpha-tocopherol had the lowest. For the ferrous ion chelating power, MEs from AD tomatoes had the highest values while BHA and alpha-tocopherol exhibited no ferrous ion chelating power. In the analysis of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging ability, all the tomato samples exhibited the same activity as that of BHA. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0260-8774
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.06.061
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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