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標題: Immobilization of lactate dehydrogenase within multiwalled carbon nanotube-chitos anhanocompo site for application to lactate biosensors
作者: Tsai, Y.C.
Chen, S.Y.
Liaw, H.W.
關鍵字: biosensor;amperometry;multiwalled carbon nanotube;lactate;dehydrogenase;chitosan;electrocatalytic oxidation;modified electrodes;electrochemical;sensors;alcohol-dehydrogenase;polyaniline films;nadh;oxidase;composite;glucose;nanobiocomposite
Project: Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical
期刊/報告no:: Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, Volume 125, Issue 2, Page(s) 474-481.
A composite of multiwalled carbon nanotubes-chitosan (MWCNT-CHIT) was used as a matrix for entrapment of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) onto a glassy carbon electrode in order to fabricate amperometric biosensor. The homogeneity of the resulting multiwalled carbon nanotubes-chitosan-lactate dehydrogenase (MWCNT-CHIT-LDH) nanobiocomposite film was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM). It shows that the enzyme is homogeneously immobilized within MWCNT-CHIT-LDH. The inclusion of MWCNT within MWCNT-CHIT-LDH exhibits the abilities to raise the current responses, to decrease the electrooxidation potential of P-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced form (NADH), and to prevent the electrode surface fouling. The influence of several experimental parameters such as applied potential, solution pH value, NAD(+) concentration, and enzyme loading was explored to optimize the electroanalytical performance of the biosensor. The optimized biosensor for the determination of lactate shows a sensitivity of 0.0083 AM(-1) cm(-2) and a response time of about 3 s. The proposed biosensor retained 65% of its original response after 7 days. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0925-4005
DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2007.02.052
Appears in Collections:化學工程學系所

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