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|標題:||Nonisothermal crystallization behavior of syndiotactic polystyrene/montmorillonite nanocomposites||作者:||Wu, T.M.
|關鍵字:||syndiotactic;polystyrene;nanocomposites;polymorphism;crystallization;kinetics;non-isothermal crystallization;layered silicate nanocomposites;polystyrene samples;kinetics;crystals;intercalation;polymorphism;conformation;forms||Project:||Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, Volume 41, Issue 6, Page(s) 560-570.||摘要:||
X-ray diffraction methods and differential scanning calorimetry were used to investigate the crystalline structure and crystallization kinetics of syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS)/clay nanocomposites. X-ray diffraction data showed the presence of polymorphism in sPS/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites, which was strongly dependent on the processing conditions (premelting temperature and cooling rate) of the sPS/MMT nanocomposites and on the content of MMT in the sPS/MMT nanocomposites. The alpha-crystalline form could be transformed into beta-crystalline forms at higher premelting temperatures. The nonisothermal melt-crystallization kinetics and melting behavior of the sPS/MMT nanocomposites were also studied at various cooling rates. The correlation of the crystallization kinetics, melting behavior, and crystalline structure of the sPS/MMT nanocomposites was examined. The results indicated that the addition of a small amount of MMT to sPS caused a change in the mechanism of nucleation and the crystal growth of the sPS crystallite. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系所|
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