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|標題:||Isothermal and nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of syndiotactic polystyrene/clay nanocomposites||作者:||Wu, T.M.
|關鍵字:||layered silicate nanocomposites;melting behavior;crystals;samples;intercalation;conformation;polymorphism;temperature;forms||Project:||Polymer Engineering and Science||期刊/報告no：:||Polymer Engineering and Science, Volume 44, Issue 12, Page(s) 2288-2297.||摘要:||
Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and X-ray diffraction methods were used to investigate the isothermal and nonisothermal crystallization behavior and crystalline structure of syndiotactic polystyrene (sPS)/clay nanocomposites. The sPS/clay nanocomposites were prepared by mixing the sPS polymer solution with the organically modified montmorillonite. DSC isothermal results revealed that introducing 5 wt% of clay into the sPS structure causes strongly heterogeneous nucleation, inducing a change of the crystal growth process from mixed three-dimensional and two-dimensional crystal growth to two-dimensional spherulitic growth. The activation energy of sPS drastically decreases with the presence of 0.5 wt% clay and then increases with increasing clay content. The result indicates that the addition of clay into sPS induces the heterogeneous nucleation (a lower DeltaE) at lower clay content and then reduces the transportation ability of polymer chains during crystallization processes at higher clay content (a higher DeltaE). We studied the non-isothermal melt-crystallization kinetics and melting behavior of sPS/clay nanocomposites at various cooling rates. The correlation among crystallization kinetics, melting behavior and crystalline structure of sPS/clay nanocomposites is discussed. (C) 2004 Society of Plastics Engineers.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系所|
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