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標題: Turbulence characteristics of flows passing through a tetrahedron frame in a smooth open-channel
作者: Lu, Jau-Yau
Chang, Tien-Feng
Chiew, Yee-Meng
Hung, Shih-Ping
Hong, Jian-Hao
關鍵字: Open channel flow;Reynolds stress;Shear stress;Tetrahedron frame;Turbulence
出版社: Elsevier Ltd.
Project: Advances in Water Resources, Volume 34, Issue 6, Page(s) 718-730.
The turbulence characteristics of flows passing through a tetrahedron frame were investigated by using a 2-dimensional fiber-optic laser Doppler velocimeter (2-D FLDV). Experiments for uniform flows with different bed slopes under both submerged and un-submerged conditions were carried out in a re-circulating flume with glass side walls. The experimental bed was a smooth fixed bed. It was observed that with the tetrahedron frame the mean longitudinal velocity decrease in the retardation zone. However, both the longitudinal and the vertical turbulence intensities are larger than those for the undisturbed approach flow. The tetrahedron frame may reduce the probability of sediment entrainment by retarding the flow and reducing the boundary shear stress. In addition, it may induce sediment deposition in a sediment laden flow by changing the flow direction and increasing the energy dissipation.
ISSN: 0309-1708
DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2011.03.003
Appears in Collections:土木工程學系所

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