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標題: Synthesis and characterization of biodegradable poly(L-lactide)/layered double hydroxide nanocomposites
作者: Chiang, M.F.
Wu, T.M.
關鍵字: Polymers;Nanocomposites;Thermal properties;Layered double hydroxide;layered double hydroxides;polylactide/layered silicate nanocomposites;mechanical-properties;structural-characterization;isothermal;crystallization;acid) nanocomposites;carbon nanotubes;polymerization;delamination;degradation
Project: Composites Science and Technology
期刊/報告no:: Composites Science and Technology, Volume 70, Issue 1, Page(s) 110-115.
This study reports the preparation and physical properties of biodegradable nanocomposites fabricated using poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) and magnesium/aluminum layered double hydroxide (MgAl-LDH). The MgAl-LDH with molar ratio of Mg/Al = 2 were synthesized by the co-precipitation method. In order to improve the chemical compatibility between PLLA and LDH, the surface of LDH was organically-modified by polylactide with carboxyl end group (PLA-COOH) using ion-exchange process. Then, the PLLA/LDH nanocomposites were prepared by solution intercalation of PLLA into the galleries of PLA-COOH modified LDH (P-LDH) in tetrahydrofuran solution. Both X-ray diffraction data and Transmission electron microscopy images of PLLA/P-LDH namocomposites indicate that the P-LDHs are randomly dispersed and exfoliated into the PLLA matrix. Mechanical properties of the fabricated 1.2 wt.% PLLA/P-LDH nanocomposites show significant enhancements in the storage modulus when compared to that of neat PLLA. Adding more P-LDH into PLLA matrix induced a decrease in the storage modulus of PLLA/P-LDH nanocomposites, probably due to the excessive content of PLA-COOH moleculars with low mechanical properties. The thermal stability and degradation activation energies of the PLLA and PLLA/P-LDH nanocomposites can also be discussed. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0266-3538
DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2009.09.012
Appears in Collections:材料科學與工程學系

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