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標題: Isothermal crystallization kinetics and melting behavior of nylon/saponite and nylon/montmorillonite nanocomposites
作者: Wu, T.M.
Lien, X.H.
Hsu, S.F.
關鍵字: nylon 6;nanocomposite;saponite;montmorillonite;Avrami exponent;layered silicate nanocomposites;x-ray-scattering;nylon 6;transformation;intercalation;temperature;fibers;growth;gamma;water
Project: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 94, Issue 5, Page(s) 2196-2204.
DSC thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction have been used to investigate the isothermal crystallization behavior and crystalline structure of nylon 6/clay nanocomposites. Nylon 6/clay has prepared by the intercalation of epsilon-caprolactam and then exfoliating the layered silicates by subsequent polymerization. The DSC isothermal results reveal that introducing saponite into the nylon structure causes strongly heterogeneous nucleation induced change of the crystal growth process from a two-dimensional crystal growth to a three dimensional spherulitic growth. But the crystal growth mechanism of nylon/montmorillonite nanocomposites is a mixed two-dimensional and three-dimensional spherulitic growth. The activation energy drastically decreases with the presence of 2.5 wt% clay in nylon/clay nanocomposites and then slightly increases with increasing clay content. The result indicates that the addition of clay into nylon induces the heterogeneous nucleation (a lower DeltaE) at lower clay content and then reduces the transportation ability of polymer chains during crystallization processes at higher clay content (a higher DeltaE). The correlation among crystallization kinetics, melting behavior, and crystalline structure of nylon/clay nanocomposites is also discussed. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ISSN: 0021-8995
DOI: 10.1002/app.21167
Appears in Collections:材料科學與工程學系

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