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標題: Preparation and characterization of polypyrrole/magnetite nanocomposites synthesized by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization
作者: Yen, S.J.
Chen, E.C.
Chiang, R.K.
Wu, T.M.
關鍵字: conductivity;iron oxide;morphology;nanocomposite;polypyrrole;carbon nanotube composites;electrical-properties;miniemulsion;polymerization;oxide nanocrystals;nanoparticles;nanocables
Project: Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, Volume 46, Issue 13, Page(s) 1291-1300.
This work describes the preparation and characterization of polypyrrole (PPy)/iron oxide nanocomposites fabricated from monodispersed iron oxide nanoparticles in the crystalline form of magnetite (Fe3O4) and PPy by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization. Two spherical nanoparticles of magnetite, such as 4 and 8 nm, served as cores were first dispersed in an aqueous solution with anionic surfactant sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate to form micelle/magnetite spherical templates that avoid the aggregation of magnetite nanoparticles during the further preparation of nanocomposites. The PPy/magnetite nanocomposites were then synthesized on the surface of the spherical templates. Structural and morphological analysis showed that the fabricated PPy/magnetite nanocomposites are core (magnetite)-shell (PPy) structures. Morphology of the PPy/magnetite nanocomposites containing monodispersed 4-nm magnetite nanoparticles shows a remarkable change from spherical to tube-like structures as the content of nanoparticles increases from 12 to 24 wt %. Conductivities of these PPy/magnetite nanocomposites show significant enhancements when compared with those of PPy without magnetite nanoparticles, in particular the conductivities of 36 wt % PPy/magnetite nanocomposites with 4-nm magnetite nanoparticles are about six times in magnitude higher than those of PPy without magnetite nanocomposites. These results suggest that the tube-like structures of 36 wt % PPy/magnetite nanocomposites may be served as conducting network to enhance the conductivity of nanocomposites. The magnetic properties of 24 and 36 wt % PPy/magnetitenanocomposites show ferromagnetic behavior and supermagnetism, respectively. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals.
ISSN: 0887-6266
DOI: 10.1002/polb.21463
Appears in Collections:材料科學與工程學系

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