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|標題:||Surface characterization and barrier properties of plasma-modified polyethersulfone/layered silicate nanocomposites||作者:||Wu, T.M.
|關鍵字:||nanocomposite;permeability;plasma;polyethersulfone;structural;behavior;modified polypropylene;mechanical-properties;clay hybrids;crystallization;membranes;chemistry;behavior||Project:||Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Polymer Science Part B-Polymer Physics, Volume 44, Issue 22, Page(s) 3185-3194.||摘要:||
This study describes the preparation of polyethersulfone (PES)/layered silicate nanocomposites (PLSNs) by mixing PES polymer chain into organically-modified layered silicate in 1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP) solution. Both X-ray diffraction data and transmission electron microscopy images of PLSNs indicate that the silicate layers were almost exfoliated and randomly distributed into the PES matrix. The mechanical and barrier properties of PLSNs show remarkable enhancement in the storage modulus and water/oxygen permeability when compared with that of neat PES matrix. Surfaces modification of PES and PLSN films with various treated times, system pressures, and radio frequency (RF) powers were performed using a mixture of oxygen (O-2) and nitrogen (N-2) plasmas. The topographical and physical properties of plasma-modified PES and PLSN surfaces were investigated using scanning probe microscopy (SPM), contact-angle measurements, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These results indicate that the surface roughness of PLSNs with the same condition of plasma modification is lower than that of neat PES matrix and is probably due to the increase of stiffness with the presence of inorganic layered silicates in PES matrix. The surface properties of the PES and PLSNs are also changed from hydrophobic to hydrophilic. The XPS spectra suggest that the exposure of the PES and PLSNs to the plasmas led to the combination of etching reactions of polymer surface initiated by plasma and the following addition reactions of new oxygen- and nitrogen-containing functional groups onto polymer surfaces to change their surface properties. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|Appears in Collections:||材料科學與工程學系|
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