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|標題:||Fabrication, morphology and thermal degradation behaviors of conductive polyaniline coated monodispersed polystyrene particles||作者:||Chen, E.C.
|關鍵字:||Polystyrene;Polyaniline;Emulsion polymerization;Thermal degradation;kinetics;Activation energy;carbon nanotube composites;mild-steel;polymers;polymerization;microspheres;latex;copolymers;dispersion;electrode;kinetics||Project:||Polymer Degradation and Stability||期刊/報告no：:||Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 94, Issue 4, Page(s) 550-557.||摘要:||
This study describes the preparation of polyaniline (PANI) coated on the surface of monodispersed 400 nm polystyrene (PS) particles by in situ chemical oxidative polymerization. The monodispersed 400 run PS particles served as cores were synthesized using the emulsion polymerization. Both images observed by field-emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy show the presence of a thin PANI layer uniformly coated on the surface of PS particle. The electrical conductivity of various amounts of PANI-coated PS particles is significantly increased about 13 orders of magnitude compared to that of the pristine PS particles. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) were used to investigate the thermal stability and thermal degradation behavior of PS and PANI-coated PS particles. Both DSC and TGA curves revealed that the coating of a thin PANI layer on the surface of PS can drastically increase the thermal stability of PS matrix. TGA isothermal degradation data illustrate that the activation energy of the PAM-coated PS particle is larger than that of PS. This phenomenon can be attributed to the incorporation of PANI coating on the surface of PS particle caused a decrease in the degradation rate and an increase in the residual weight for the PANI-coated PS particle. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||材料科學與工程學系|
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