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標題: Removal of hexavalent chromium from acidic aqueous solutions using rice straw-derived carbon
作者: Hsu, N.H.
Wang, S.L.
Liao, Y.H.
Huang, S.T.
Tzou, Y.M.
Huang, Y.M.
關鍵字: Hexavalent chromium;Reduction;Rice straw;Activated carbon;Adsorption;Surface functional group;2p photoelectron-spectra;low-cost adsorbents;crop residue burns;activated carbons;particulate matter;adsorption;water;cr(vi);spectroscopy;biomaterial
Project: Journal of Hazardous Materials
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 171, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 1066-1070.
This study evaluates the removal of Cr(VI) from water by carbon derived from the burning of rice straw. Rice straw was burned in the air to obtain rice carbon (RC), and then the removal of Cr(VI) by RC was investigated under various pHs and ionic strengths. After the experiments, the oxidation state of Cr bound to RC was analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which revealed that Cr bound to RC was predominately in the trivalent form. The results showed that upon reacting with RC, Cr(VI) was reduced to Cr(III), which was either adsorbed on RC or released back into solution. The extent and rate of Cr(VI) removal increased with decreasing solution pH because the Cr(VI) adsorption and the subsequent reduction of adsorbed Cr(VI) to Cr(III) both occur preferentially at low pH. The minimal effect of ionic strength on the rates of Cr(VI) removal and Cr(III) adsorption indicated specific interactions between Cr(VI)/Cr(III) and their surface binding sites on RC. These results suggest that rice straw-based carbon may be effectively used at low pH as a substitute for activated carbon for the treatment of Cr(VI) contaminated water. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.112
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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