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標題: Removal of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol from a solution by humic acids repeatedly extracted from a peat soil
作者: Tzou, Y.M.
Wang, S.L.
Liu, J.C.
Huang, Y.Y.
Chen, J.H.
關鍵字: aliphaticity;aromaticity;2,4,6-trichlorophenol;Nonlinear sorption;linear sorption;sorption isotherm;sediment organic-matter;phenanthrene sorption;fractions;polarity;water;chlorophenols;nonlinearity;naphthalene;substances;binding
Project: Journal of Hazardous Materials
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 152, Issue 2, Page(s) 812-819.
Humic acid (HA) is one of the major components of soil organic matter. It strongly affects the sorption behavior of organic and inorganic contaminants in soils. To obtain a better understanding of the interactions of contaminants with HA, a repeated extraction technique has been applied to a peat soil to obtain HA fractions with varying aliphaticity and aromaticity, which were subsequently correlated to the sorption properties of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP). HA fractions were extracted repeatedly using an alkaline solution and each HA fraction was separated into two portions with an air-drying or re-suspending (denoted as RSHAs) process. Solid-state (13)C NMR and elemental analysis demonstrated that the aromaticity and polarity of HAs decreased with extractions. Kinetic results indicated that air-dried HAs exhibited two-step first order sorption behavior with a rapid stage followed by a slower stage. The slower sorption is attributed to the diffusion of 2,4,6-TCP in the condensed aromatic domains of HAs. Conversely, sorption of 2,4,6-TCP on RSHAs was extremely rapid and could not be fitted with any kinetic model. For air-dried HAs the sorption capacity (K,) was weakly correlated with the chemical compositions of HAs. However, a positive trend between K, and aromaticity was observed for RSHAs. Compared with the results of air-dried HAs with their counterparts of RSHAs, it is therefore concluded that air-drying may alter the structure of HAs through artificially creating a more condensed domain in HAs. The structural alternation may result in an incorrect interpretation of the relationship between sorption capacity and chemical composition of HAs and a misjudgment of the transport behavior of 2,4,6-TCP in soils and sediments. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.07.047
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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