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標題: The removal and recovery of Cr(VI) by Li/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH)
作者: Hsu, L.C.
Wang, S.L.
Tzou, Y.M.
Lin, C.F.
Chen, J.H.
關鍵字: Li/Al LDHs;chromium;adsorption;kinetics;hydrotalcite-like compounds;x-ray-diffraction;physicochemical;properties;intercalation;adsorption;chromate;chromium(vi);chemistry;exchange;ni(ii)
Project: Journal of Hazardous Materials
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 142, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 242-249.
Hexavalent Cr has been identified as one of the toxic metals commonly present in industrial effluents. Among the treatment techniques developed for removing Cr(VI) from waste waters, sorption is most commonly applied, due to its simplicity and efficiency. However, few adsorbents can be recycled and reused cost-effectively. In this study, the removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from water using Li/Al LDH was investigated. The removal of Cr(VI) by Li/Al LDH was evaluated in a batch mode. The results demonstrated that Cr(VI) adsorption onto Li/Al LDH occurs by replacing the Cl(-) that originally exists in the interlayer of the adsorbent. The degree of Cr(VI) adsorption observed for Li/Al LDH was relatively high and the process occurred rapidly; however, a portion of adsorbed Cr(VI) was gradually desorbed, due to the Li de-intercalation of Li/Al LDH. Lithium de-intercalation from LVAI LDH with interlayer Cl(-) and interlayer Cr(VI) follows the first order kinetics and has the activation energies of 76.6 and 41.5 kJ mol(-1), respectively. The properties of thermal unstablility and the high adsorption capacity of Li/Al LDH may lead to the development of an innovative technique for the removal of Cr(VI) from Cr(VI)-containing wastewater. That is, LVAI LDH may be used as an effective adsorbent for the adsorption of Cr(VI) in an ambient environment. Following the adsorptive process, the adsorbed Cr(VI) may be released, using heated water to treat the Cr(VI)-containing Li/Al LDH particles. Through this hydrothermal treatment of the used adsorbent, Cr(VI) can be recovered and the solid product (gibbsite) can be recycled for further use. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.024
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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