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標題: Effect of transpiration on Pb uptake by lettuce and on water soluble low molecular weight organic acids in rhizosphere
作者: Liao, Y.C.
申 雍
Chien, S.W.C.
Wang, M.C.
Shen, Y.
Hung, P.L.
Das, B.
關鍵字: transpiration;Pb uptake;low molecular weight organic acids;rhizosphere;leaf lettuce;dicarboxylic-acids;gas-chromatography;contaminated soil;indian;mustard;heavy-metals;durum-wheat;lead;phytoremediation;plants;zinc
Project: Chemosphere
期刊/報告no:: Chemosphere, Volume 65, Issue 2, Page(s) 343-351.
The effect of transpiration (high and low) on Pb uptake by leaf lettuce and on water soluble low molecular weight organic acids (LMWOAs) in rhizosphere has been studied. After two weeks of growth the plants were cultured in greenhouse for more four weeks and two days. Pb(NO3)(2) solutions of different concentrations (100, 200, and 300 mg l(-1) of Pb) were then added to the quartz sand pots of different plants and studies were initiated. Blank experiments (without treating the quartz sand pots with Pb(NO3)(2) solutions) were also run in parallel. No significant differences in the growth of the plants with the concentrations of added Pb(NO3)(2) solutions were observed by both low and high transpirations at the end of the 0, 3rd, and 10th days of studies. The total evaporation of the volatiles during 10 days did not depend on the concentration of Pb2+ but with high transpiration the rate of evaporation was significantly higher than with low transpiration. Uptake of Pb by shoots and roots of the plants was found to be proportional to the concentration of various Pb(NO3)(2) solutions added and more accumulation was observed in roots than in shoots at the end of 3rd and 10th days. High transpiration created more Pb uptake than low transpiration did. One volatile acid, propionic acid and nine non-volatile acids, lactic, glycolic, oxalic, succinic, fumaric, oxalacetic, D-tartaric, trans-aconitic, and citric acids in rhizosphere quartz sands were identified and quantified by gas chromatography (GC) analysis. D-Tartaric and citric acids were major among the non-volatile acids. The amount of LMWOAs in rhizosphere quartz sands increased with the higher amount of Pb uptake and also with the duration of studies. The total quantities of the LMWOAs in the rhizosphere quartz sands were significantly higher under high transpiration with 300 mg l(-1) Pb solution addition at the end of 10th day. The present study shows prominent correlation between transpiration and uptake of heavy metal and interesting correlation between Pb contaminated level and quantity of water soluble LMWOAs in rhizosphere quartz sands. The latter thus deserves of further studies, (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0045-6535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.02.010
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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