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|標題:||Large-area rice yield forecasting using satellite imageries||作者:||Wang, Y.P.
|關鍵字:||Paddy rice;Yield forecasting;County/village scale;Remote sensing;nitrogen status;leaf nitrogen;landsat-tm;reflectance;canopy;model;field;biomass||Project:||International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation||期刊/報告no：:||International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Volume 12, Issue 1, Page(s) 27-35.||摘要:||
Ability to make large-area yield prediction before harvest is important in many aspects of agricultural decision-making. In this study, canopy reflectance band ratios (NIR/RED, NIR/GRN) of paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.) at booting stage, from field measurements conducted from 1999 to 2005, were correlated with the corresponding yield data to derive regression-type yield prediction models for the first and second season crop, respectively. These yield models were then validated with ground truth measurements conducted in 2007 and 2008 at eight sites, of different soil properties, climatic conditions, and various treatments in cultivars planted and N application rates, using surface reflectance retrieved from atmospherically corrected SPOT imageries. These validation tests indicated that root mean square error of predicting grain yields per unit area by the proposed models were less than 0.7 T ha(-1) for both cropping seasons. Since village is the basic unit for national rice yield census statistics in Taiwan, the yield models were further used to forecast average regional yields for 14 selected villages and compared with officially reported data. Results indicate that the average yield per unit area at village scale can be forecasted with a root mean square error of 1.1 T ha(-1) provided no damaging weather occurred during the final month before actual harvest. The methodology can be applied to other optical sensors with similar spectral bands in the visible/near-infrared and to different geographical regions provided that the relation between yield and spectral index is established. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||土壤環境科學系|
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