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標題: Identification of sources and causes of leakage on a zoned earth dam in northern Taiwan: Hydrological and isotopic evidence
作者: Peng, T.R.
Wang, C.H.
關鍵字: seepage problems;missouri;hydrogen;tritium;water
Project: Applied Geochemistry
期刊/報告no:: Applied Geochemistry, Volume 23, Issue 8, Page(s) 2438-2451.
Seepage through an earth dam body must be regulated as a well-planned process, if it is not properly managed, the abnormal seepage may cause dam failure. This study employed stable isotopic and statistical methods to identify the source and cause of an abnormal leakage on the zoned earth dam of the Xin-Shan reservoir located in northern Taiwan. Water samples from the dam area over a 2-a period were collected and analyzed for their stable 0 and H isotope compositions. In addition, a 4-a period of hydrological data, including rainfall, reservoir level, well level, seepage of filter drainage and leakage, were statistically analyzed with a stepwise multiple regression approach. Both the stable isotopic and hydrological results indicate that the abnormal leakage on the dam shell comes from the filter drainage in the dam. The reason for abnormal leakage is due to unexpected and significant precipitation-sourced water flowing into the dam's body. The dam filter fails to drain out the incoming water sufficiently, thus generating the abnormal seepage. In addition. the defect in the dam filter may also cause the drainage filter to drain off reservoir seepage inadequately. Therefore, it is suggested that checking the filter function and preventing excessive precipitation-sourced water from flowing into the dam are the two top priorities for the follow-up remedial strategy of the dam. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0883-2927
DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2008.05.015
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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