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|標題:||Passive control of wake flow by two small control cylinders at Reynolds number 80||作者:||Kuo, C.H.
|關鍵字:||Passive wake control;Lift and drag reduction;Vortex shedding;circular-cylinder||Project:||Journal of Fluids and Structures||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Fluids and Structures, Volume 25, Issue 6, Page(s) 1021-1028.||摘要:||
Passive control of the wake behind a circular cylinder in uniform flow is studied by numerical simulation at Re(D) = 80. Two small control cylinders are placed symmetrically along the separating shear layers at various stream locations. In the present study, the detailed flow mechanisms that lead to a significant reduction in the fluctuating lift but maintain the shedding vortex street are clearly revealed. When the stream locations lie within 0.8 <= X(C)/D <= 3.0, the alternate shedding vortex street remains behind the control cylinders. In this case, the symmetric standing eddies immediately behind the main cylinder and the downstream delay of the shedding vortex street are the two primary mechanisms that lead to a 70-80% reduction of the fluctuating lift on the main cylinder. Furthermore, the total drag of all the cylinders still has a maximum 5% reduction. This benefit is primarily attributed to the significant reduction of the pressure drag on the main cylinder. Within X(C)/D>3.0, the symmetry of the standing eddy breaks down and the staggered vortex street is similar to that behind a single cylinder at the same Reynolds number. In the latter case, the mean pressure drag and the fluctuating lift coefficients on the main cylinder will recover to the values of a single cylinder. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||機械工程學系所|
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