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標題: On the flow over a rotationally oscillating flat plate: A numerical study
作者: Chen, J.M.
Fang, Y.C.
關鍵字: vortex shedding;lock-on;oscillating plate;cylinder;wake
Project: Journal of Fluids and Structures
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Fluids and Structures, Volume 20, Issue 7, Page(s) 961-974.
The characteristics of the flow in the wake of a plate that is normal to the free stream in its neutral position undergoing rotational oscillation has been investigated. The governing equations based on stream-function/vorticity formulation are solved numerically to determine the two-dimensional flow field structure. The numerical simulations are performed in a rotating reference frame attached to the plate. The simulations focus on the lock-on phenomenon of vortex shedding for frequency ratios of forcing Strouhal number to natural shedding Strouhal number St(e)/St(n) = 0.96-1.04 at a Reynolds number Re = 100. The time histories of drag coefficient as well as surface vorticity of the plate show amplitude modulation when the vortex shedding is not-locked-on to the plate oscillation at smaller forcing amplitude. The modulation disappears once lock-on occurs where the vortex shedding is synchronized with the plate oscillation at larger amplitude. The limits of lock-on regime bounded by the forcing frequency and amplitude are found in good agreement with the experiments conducted at higher Reynolds numbers (Re = 3600-9800). For the approach to lock-on from a lower frequency (St(l)/St(n) = 0.96) and an upper frequency (St(l)/St(n) = 1.04), the numerical simulations demonstrate significant differences in lock-on behavior, including the structure of vortices, fluctuation amplitudes of drag coefficient and surface vorticity, and route leading to lock-on. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0889-9746
DOI: 10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2005.005.006
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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