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標題: Bioavailability of iron from amino acid complex in weanling pigs
作者: Yu, B.
余 碧
Huang, W.J.
Chiou, P.W.S.
關鍵字: weanling piglet;bioavailability;iron-amino acid complex;absorption;cysteine
Project: Animal Feed Science and Technology
期刊/報告no:: Animal Feed Science and Technology, Volume 86, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 39-52.
The objective of the study was to evaluate the iron bioavailability of iron amino acid complex, Availa-Fe(R) compound, as compared to the iron from feed grade ferrous sulfate in weanling piglets. Seventy-two 30-day-old three-way cross piglets, with an average live-weight of 6.41 kg, were randomly allocated into 12 groups of six dietary treatments and two replicates. The control diet (C) included 100 mg kg(-1) iron from ferrous sulfate heptahydrate into a basal corn-soybean-whey diet. The other dietary treatment groups were supplemented an additional 30, 60, 90; or 120 mg kg(-1) of iron from Availa-Fe(R) into the control diet. An additional diet supplemented with 120 mg kg(-1) of iron from ferrous sulfate heptahydrate into the control diet was used as a positive control. The piglets fed Availa-Fe(R) as an iron source did not demonstrate a statistically significant improvement in live-weight gains or feed-conversion ratio. The monitored parameters that responded to increases in the level of Availa-Fe(R) supplementation, included pack cell volume, hemoglobin concentration, plasma iron and total iron binding capacity in the blood, hemosiderin and ferritin iron in the liver and spleen. Skin redness with an 'a' value in color measurement increased significantly as the level of Availa-Fe(R) supplement increased (p<0.05). The total iron content, heme-iron concentration in the muscle and skin color responded to increases in the level of Availa-FE(R) supplementation. The bioavailability of iron from Availa-Fe(R) is significantly better compared to ferrous sulfate supplementation. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0377-8401
DOI: 10.1016/s0377-8401(00)00154-1
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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