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標題: Numerical study of the inlet/outlet arrangement effect on microchannel heat sink performance
作者: Chein, R.Y.
Chen, J.H.
關鍵字: Microchannel heat sink;Inlet/outlet arrangements;Velocity and;temperature maldistribution;Thermal resistance;Pressure drop;coefficient;rectangular microchannels;driven cavity;flow;optimization
Project: International Journal of Thermal Sciences
期刊/報告no:: International Journal of Thermal Sciences, Volume 48, Issue 8, Page(s) 1627-1638.
In this study, fluid flow and heat transfer in microchannel heat sinks are numerically investigated. The three-dimensional governing equations for both fluid flow and heat transfer are solved using the finite-volume scheme. The computational domain is taken as the entire heat sink including the inlet/outlet ports, inlet/outlet plenums, and microchannels. The particular focus of this study is the inlet/outlet arrangement effects on the fluid flow and heat transfer inside the heat sinks. The microchannel heat sinks with various inlet/outlet arrangements are investigated in this study. All of the geometric dimensions of these heat sinks are the same except the inlet/outlet locations. Because of the difference in inlet/outlet arrangements, the resultant flow fields and temperature distributions inside these heat sinks are also different under a given pressure drop across the heat sink. Using the averaged velocities and fluid temperatures in each channel. to quantify the fluid flow and temperature maldistributions. it is found that better uniformities in velocity and temperature can be found in the heat sinks having coolant supply and collection vertically via inlet/outlet ports opened on the heat sink cover plate. Using the thermal resistance, overall heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop coefficient to quantify the heat sink performance, it is also found these heat sinks have better performance among the heat sinks studied. Based on the results from this study, it is suggested that better heat sink performance can be achieved when the coolant is supplied and collected vertically. (C) 2008 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1290-0729
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2008.12.019
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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