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|標題:||Laying traits and underlying transcripts, expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, that were associated with egg production variability in chickens||作者:||Chen, C.F.
|關鍵字:||chickens;clutch length;egg production;laying traits;oviposition lag;within clutch;transcripts;cell-adhesion molecules;taiwan country chickens;growth-factor;igf-ii;stimulates steroidogenesis;gallus-domesticus;clutch length;selection;hormone;ovarian||Project:||Theriogenology||期刊/報告no：:||Theriogenology, Volume 68, Issue 9, Page(s) 1305-1315.||摘要:||
The objective was to characterize the potential laying traits and underlying transcripts expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland that were associated with egg production variability in five genetic stocks of chickens: two commercial lines, Red(n = 12) and Black-feather (n = 14) Taiwan country chickens (TCCs); two selected lines of TCCs, B (high body weight/comb size; n = 17) and L2 (high-egg production; n = 14); and a commercial single comb White Leghorn (WL; n = 17). Six laying traits, age at first egg, clutch length, pause length, oviposition lag within clutch, follicle rapid growth period, and rate of yolk accumulation were measured. The significance of differential values among five chicken stocks and correlation coefficients between laying traits and number of eggs to 50 weeks of age or laying rate after first egg, and the expression level of 33 transcripts were determined. Longer clutch length and shorter oviposition lag within clutch contributed to a higher number of eggs to 50 weeks of age or laying rate after first egg in L2 (P < 0.05) and WL strains (P < 0.05). However, their rate of yolk accumulation (P < 0.05) and follicle rapid growth period (P < 0.05) were different, indicating the accumulation of different alleles after long-term, independent selection. Across all five strains, numbers of eggs to 50 weeks of age were positive correlated with average clutch length (P < 0.05) as well as the rate of yolk accumulation (P < 0.05). Expressions of PLAGI, STMN2, PGDS, PARK7, ANP32A, PCDHA@, SCG2, BDH and SARIA transcripts contributed to number of eggs to 50 weeks of age (P < 0.05) or laying rate after first egg (P < 0.05). Analysis of correlation coefficients indicated that PLAGI additionally played roles in decreasing average pause length. Two transcripts, PRL and GARNL1, specifically contributed to number of eggs to 50 weeks of age or laying rate after first egg by reducing oviposition lag within clutch (P < 0.05) and/or increasing average clutch length (P < 0.05), respectively. Expression level of NCAM1, contributed to laying rate after first egg by association with a shorter oviposition lag within clutch (P < 0.05). The current study attributed egg production phenotype in five strains into several laying traits; correlations between these traits and expression levels of underlying transcripts expressed in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland were also established. (C) 2007 Published by Elsevier Inc.
|Appears in Collections:||動物科學系|
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