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標題: TIMP3: a physiological regulator of adult myogenesis
作者: Liu, H.J.
Chen, S.E.
Jin, B.W.
Carson, J.A.
Niu, A.R.
Durham, W.
Lai, J.Y.
Li, Y.P.
關鍵字: Muscle regeneration;Gene expression;TNF alpha converting enzyme;miR-206;alpha-converting-enzyme;satellite cell-activity;tnf-alpha;tissue;inhibitor;skeletal-muscle;gene-transfer;p38 mapk;metalloproteinases-3 timp-3;rheumatoid-arthritis;synovial fibroblasts
Project: Journal of Cell Science
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Cell Science, Volume 123, Issue 17, Page(s) 2914-2921.
Myogenic differentiation in adult muscle is normally suppressed and can be activated by myogenic cues in a subset of activated satellite cells. The switch mechanism that turns myogenesis on and off is not defined. In the present study, we demonstrate that tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 (TIMP3), the endogenous inhibitor of TNF alpha-converting enzyme (TACE), acts as an on-off switch for myogenic differentiation by regulating autocrine TNF alpha release. We observed that constitutively expressed TIMP3 is transiently downregulated in the satellite cells of regenerating mouse hindlimb muscles and differentiating C2C12 myoblasts. In C2C12 myoblasts, perturbing TIMP3 downregulation by overexpressing TIMP3 blocks TNF alpha release, p38 MAPK activation, myogenic gene expression and myotube formation. TNF alpha supplementation at a physiological concentration rescues myoblast differentiation. Similarly, in the regenerating soleus, overexpression of TIMP3 impairs release of TNF alpha and myogenic gene expression, and delays the formation of new fibers. In addition, downregulation of TIMP3 is mediated by the myogenesis-promoting microRNA miR-206. Thus, TIMP3 is a physiological regulator of myogenic differentiation.
ISSN: 0021-9533
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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