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標題: Association of polymorphism in the alpha (1,2) fucosyltransferase gene with growth performance in two Western pig breeds in Taiwan
作者: Huang, S.Y.
Chung, M.T.
Tsou, H.L.
Li, H.L.
關鍵字: pig;alpha (1,2) fucosyltransferase gene;ryanodine receptor gene;growth performance;E. coli f18 adhesion resistance;genetic marker;escherichia-coli;edema disease;postweaning diarrhea;receptor;epithelium;fimbriae
Project: Livestock Science
期刊/報告no:: Livestock Science, Volume 114, Issue 2-3, Page(s) 336-340.
The mutation at 307 bp (M307) of the alpha (1,2) fucosyltransferase gene has been proposed as being a marker for selection of E. coli F 18 adhesion-resistant pigs. Nonetheless, exactly how this mutation affects pigs' growth performance remains unclear. This study investigated genotypic frequencies and the effect of M307 and the ryanodine receptor (RYR1) on the growth performance of two major Western pig breeds in Taiwan. In total, 1510 (1024 Duroc and 486 Landrace) boars were performance tested using segregated early weaning entrance. The genotypes of M307 and RYR1 were determined by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism. The performance traits included average daily gain, the feed conversion ratio, backfat thickness, and age at 110 kg of body weight. The statistical model included starting age, test season, genotype of M307, genotype of RYR1, and two- and three-way interactions. The data were analyzed within breeds. Consequently, the genotypic frequencies of the AA genotype in M307 were 0.06 and 0.06, and of the GG genotype were 0.53 and 0.64 in Duroc and Landrace pigs, respectively. The genotypic frequencies of the NN genotype in RYR1 were 0.75 and 0.99, and of the nn genotype were 0.01 and 0.00 in Duroc and Landrace pigs, respectively. There was no significant effect of the M307 genotype on the growth performance in either Duroc or Landrace breeds. However, the RYR1 significantly influenced the average daily gain and age at 110 kg of body weight of Duroc pigs. The results suggest that selection of the favorable AA genotype at M307 for E. coli F18 adhesion resistance may not affect the growth performance traits in Duroc and Landrace pigs. However, the effect of the RYR1 on growth performance should be monitored during selection. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1871-1413
DOI: 10.1016/j.livsci.2007.08.012
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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