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標題: Substantial decrease of heat-shock protein 90 precedes the decline of sperm motility during cooling of boar spermatozoa
作者: Huang, S.Y.
Kuo, Y.H.
Lee, W.C.
Tsou, H.L.
Lee, Y.P.
Chang, H.L.
Wu, J.J.
Yang, P.C.
關鍵字: boar;frozen semen;heat-shock protein 90;sperm motility;cooling;artificial-insemination;hsp90;frozen;fresh;cryopreservation;purification;viability;chaperone;synthase;cells
Project: Theriogenology
期刊/報告no:: Theriogenology, Volume 51, Issue 5, Page(s) 1007-1016.
The decline in boar semen quality after cryopreservation may be attributed to changes in intracellular proteins. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the change of protein profiles in boar spermatozoa during the process of cooling and after cryopreservation. A total of 9 sexually mature boars (mean age=25.5+/-12.3 mo) was used. Samples for protein analysis were collected before chilling, after cooling to 15 degrees C, after cooling to 5 degrees C, following thawing after freezing to -100 degrees C, and following thawing after 1 wk of cryopreservation at -196 degrees C. Semen characteristics evaluated included progressive motility and the percentage of morphologically normal spermatozoa. Total proteins from 5x10(6) spermatozoa were separated and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. The results revealed that there was a substantial decrease of a 90 kDa protein in the frozen-thawed spermatozoa. Western blot analysis demonstrated that this protein was 90 kDa heat-shock protein (HSP90). Time course study showed that the decrease of HSP90 in spermatozoa initially occurred in the first hour during cooling to 5 degrees C. When compared with the fresh spermatozoa before chilling, there was a 64% decrease of HSP90 in spermatozoa after cooling to 5 degrees C. However, the motility and percentage of normal spermatozoa did not significantly decrease during this period of treatment. Both declined substantially as the semen was thawed after freezing from -100 degrees C. The results indicated that the decrease of HSP90 precedes the decline of semen characteristics. The length of time between a decrease of HSP90 and the decline in sperm motility was estimated to be 2 to 3 h. Taken together, the above results suggested that a substantial decrease of HSP90 might be associated with a decline in sperm motility during cooling of boar spermatozoa. (C) 1999 by Elsevier Science Inc.
ISSN: 0093-691X
DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(99)00046-1
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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