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標題: The decline of porcine sperm motility by geldanamycin, a specific inhibitor of heat-shock protein 90 (HSP90)
作者: Huang, S.Y.
Kuo, Y.H.
Tsou, H.L.
Lee, Y.P.
King, Y.T.
Huang, H.C.
Yang, P.C.
Lee, W.C.
關鍵字: sperm motility;geldanamycin;HSP90;pig;caffeine;nitric-oxide synthase;glucocorticoid receptor function;hsp90-based;chaperone system;spermatozoa;stimulation;heat-shock-protein-90;respiration;involvement;parameters;caffeine
Project: Theriogenology
期刊/報告no:: Theriogenology, Volume 53, Issue 5, Page(s) 1177-1184.
Sperm motility is an important parameter for fertility. The molecular mechanisms of mammalian sperm motility are still largely undefined. Our previous observations suggested that heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) may be associated with porcine sperm motility. The aim of the present study was to further characterize the plausible novel function of HSP90 on sperm motility. Semen from normal, sexually mature boars with sperm motility higher than 80% was used. An HSP90-specific inhibitor, geldanamycin (GA), was added to diluted semen at 0.5, 1.0, 2.5 or 5.0 mu g/mL, and the semen was then incubated at 37 degrees C for 15, 30, 45 or 60 min. Sperm motility was determined by using computer-assisted semen analyzer at the end of incubation. The results indicated that GA significantly reduced sperm motility in a dose and time dependent manner. Moreover, incubation of semen with 5.0 mu g/mL GA for 15 min completely stopped sperm motility. To test the reversibility of the GA effect on sperm motility, GA was removed after 30 min incubation and was replaced with fresh extender alone or with extender plus 5 mM caffeine, then incubated for another 15, 30, 45 or 60 min. The results showed that simply removing GA did not reverse the inhibitory effect on sperm motility, while adding caffeine partially reversed this inhibitory effect. However, the effect of 2.5 or 5.0 mu g/mL GA was not reversed by caffeine. Considering the specificity of GA targeting to HSP90, the above observations suggested that HSP90 may play a crucial role in regulating porcine sperm motility. (C) 2000 by Elsevier Science.
ISSN: 0093-691X
DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(00)00262-4
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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