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標題: Male-specific DNA sequences in pigs
作者: Horng, Y.M.
Huang, M.C.
關鍵字: RAPD-PCR;male-specific DNA sequences;PCR;sexing;pigs;polymerase chain-reaction;h-y-antigen;preimplantation embryos;sex;determination;bovine embryos;identification;chromosomes
Project: Theriogenology
期刊/報告no:: Theriogenology, Volume 59, Issue 3-4, Page(s) 841-848.
One hundred primers (Operon kits OPAA, OPAO, OPAV, OPC, and OPE series) were used for random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting to determine male-specific fragments. Seventy-four percent of the primers yielded Yorkshire polymorphic fragments. One of these primers, OPAV-18, produced a novel 1098-bp DNA fragment found only in tested males. This male-specific fragment was isolated and constructed into plasmids for nucleotide sequencing. Two primers (5'-TTGCTCACGG TAGATAACAA GAGAG-3' and 5'-TTGCTCACGG ACCAGGTAGG GAATG-3') were designed according to the cloned male-specific sequence to amplify the male-specific band using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for pig sexing. Sex-specific bands in the PCR gel products were represented in males but none were found in females when Yorkshire, Duroc, and Landrace genomic DNA samples were amplified with these two primers by PCR. The PCR products in the gel were transferred to nylon membranes and hybridized with a 32 P-dCTP labeled probe of the cloned male-specific DNA fragment. There was a clear hybridization signal in samples from all of the male pigs, but not from those of female pigs. Male and female genomic DNA samples from these pigs were spotted onto nylon membranes and hybridized with the male-specific probe. The probe hybridized strongly to males only. A high degree of sequence homology was found among the novel male-specific DNA sequences in Yorkshire, Duroc and Landrace. The sex of these three breeds of pigs could be easily and effectively determined using these two primers. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science Inc.
ISSN: 0093-691X
DOI: 10.1016/s0093-691x(02)01150-0
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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