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|標題:||Exploratory study on the pyrolysis and PAH emissions of polylactic acid||作者:||Chien, Y.C.
|關鍵字:||Polylactic acid (PLA);PAHs;Emission factor;TG-MS;polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons;liquid-crystal wastes;thermal-degradation;poly(lactic acid);combustion;polystyrene;particulate;kinetics;polymer;biomass||Project:||Atmospheric Environment||期刊/報告no：:||Atmospheric Environment, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page(s) 123-127.||摘要:||
The emission factors for 16 U.S. EPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the polylactic acid (PLA) pyrolysis and the decomposition mechanism were investigated in this study. The fragments and gas compositions using on-line thermogravimetry-mass spectrometry (TG-MS) were determined. A temperature series of 7 fragments was analyzed in helium, and was found to include: m/z = 16, which may represent methane; 28, which may be carbon monoxide; 44, which may be acetaldehyde; 56, which may be methylketene, 144, which may be oligomers of lactide. In addition, there are little amount of 100, and 200 which are oligomers of lactides observed in the pyrolysis of PEA. The pyrolysis of PEA is a non-radical, backbiting ester interchange reaction involving the OH chain ends. Depending on the size of the cyclic transition state, the product can be a lactide molecule, an oligomeric ring with more than two repeat units, methylketene, or acetaldehyde. Carbon monoxide and methane are contributions from the decomposition of acetaldehyde. Experimentally, not detected (n.d.)-40.47 mu g of 16 PAH emissions were determined from per gram of PIA pyrolysis. The PAH profiles showed a predominance of naphthalene (58.9%), phenanthrene (12.5%), and fluoranthene (5.9%). The total PAH emissions for PIA pyrolysis is significantly lower than the values associated with PEA combustion. From the viewpoint of air pollution control, this result suggests that pyrolysis seems a better alternative than combustion for the disposal of waste PIA. Also, since pyrolysis is the first step for an incineration process, these results can provide important information on the control of PAHs formation for a commercialized incinerator. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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