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|標題:||Thermally activated persulfate oxidation of trichloroethylene: Experimental investigation of reaction orders||作者:||Liang, C.J.
|關鍵字:||in-situ remediation;potassium-permanganate;chemical oxidation;aqueous;systems;organic-carbon;soil slurries;ferrous ion;kinetics;tce;peroxydisulfate||Project:||Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research||期刊/報告no：:||Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Volume 47, Issue 9, Page(s) 2912-2918.||摘要:||
The kinetics of dissolved trichloroethylene (TCE) oxidation by thermally activated sodium persulfate (Na2S2O8) was investigated in a phosphate-buffered solution at pH 7 and an ionic strength of 0.1 at a temperature of 40 degrees C. Thermal activation results in the production of a highly reactive sulfate free radical (SO4 center dot-). The method of half-lives was used to determine the reaction order with respect to TCE. This was accomplished by conducting a series of kinetic experiments and keeping in great excess (and therefore essentially constant) the sodium persulfate concentration while varying the TICE initial concentration. Resulting plots of normalized TCE concentration (C/C-o) vs time were analyzed by polynomial regression analysis. Half-lives were calculated based on the resulting polynomial equations. To determine the reaction order with respect to persulfate, experiments were designed to examine a range of initial persulfate concentrations while maintaining the same initial TICE concentration. These results were also analyzed using polynomial regression analysis. The results of these studies indicate that the degradation rate of TCE by sodium persulfate could be described by the kinetic rate equation -d[TCE]/dt == (5.59 x 10(-4) mM(0.2) min(-1))[TCE](0)[S2O82-](0.8) within the limits of the experimental conditions utilized here (i.e., 40 degrees C, ionic strength 0. 1, pH 7, TCE 0. 14-0.52 mM, and S2O82- 13.5-43.7 mM). This equation indicates that the thermally activated persulfate oxidation of TCE appears to be pseudo zero order with respect to TICE (and therefore independent of the initial TICE concentration) and fractional order with respect to persulfate. This result should serve as a starting point for modeling of the TCE/persulfate system.
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