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標題: Data archive strategy for computing the long-term means of nonlinear functions in geophysical problems
作者: Tsuang, B.J.
關鍵字: data processing;nonlinear;transient and time domain;seasonal cycle;diurnal cycle;Taichung
Project: Climate Research
期刊/報告no:: Climate Research, Volume 27, Issue 3, Page(s) 225-230.
An algorithm for computing the temporal mean of a nonlinear function using the temporal means, covariances and higher order statistical moments of the variables involved in the function is revisited. Furthermore, a pyramidal algorithm is derived, which hierarchically stores the statistical moments of a longer interval of a variable from those of its shorter subintervals. The 2 methodologies together presented here show a systematic way of data storage and show that the long-term mean of a nonlinear process can be analyzed by decomposing it into various shorter subtime scales such as diurnal and seasonal cycles. For example, the long-term mean of horizontal moisture flux can be decomposed into the product of the means of wind speed and humidity observations, plus the covariance of daily means of the 2 variables, and plus the mean of the daily covariances, of the 2 variables on each day, where the 3 mean values and the covariance are Suggested for storage The results are exactly the same as those directly calculated from their hourly data. Since only 4 statistical moments are needed, significant data reduction for data distribution can be achieved The error associated with the data archive replica has been discussed for a highly nonlinear function of which the statistical moments of its variables are only available up to a finite order. A case study using 41 yr of data taken on an urbanizing site on a Subtropical island is illustrated.
ISSN: 0936-577X
DOI: 10.3354/cr027225
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