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|標題:||Characterization of chemical species in atmospheric aerosols in a metropolitan basin||作者:||Tsai, Y.I.
|關鍵字:||urban PM10;chemical composition;sulfur oxidation ratio;nitrogen;oxidation ratio;principal component analysis;southern taiwan;fine particles;visibility;pm10;area;sulfate;carbon;ozone;asia||Project:||Chemosphere||期刊/報告no：:||Chemosphere, Volume 54, Issue 8, Page(s) 1171-1181.||摘要:||
Ambient PM10 aerosol samples were collected from Taiwan's Taichung metropolitan basin between October 1997 and January 1998, and their chemical characteristics studied. The average mass concentration of PM10 was 109.0+/-54.1 mug/m(3). Carbonaceous materials, sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium were the most important contributors to the PM10 component. On average, 64% of the PM10 was made up of fine particles. During PM10 episodes, average wind speed was 0.7 m/s and relative humidity was high, 83% on average, probably giving rise to stagnation of air pollutants and their entrapment close to the surface. With relative humidity <70%, NO3-, NH4+, SO42-, carbonaceous materials, and PM10 mass showed high correlation with maximum hourly average ozone (O3M). Variation in atmospheric humidity may affect the gas-to-particle interactions of S and N species. The most significant contribution to PM10 in the Taichung urban basin was from the photochemical formation of secondary aerosols and carbonaceous materials in the atmospheric environment. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||環境工程學系所|
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