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|標題:||Particulate matter characteristics during agricultural waste burning in Taichung City, Taiwan||作者:||Cheng, M.T.
|關鍵字:||PM(2.5);Agricultural waste burning;Ionic species;Carbonaceous species;air-quality;chemical-composition;rice straw;aromatic-hydrocarbons;atmospheric aerosols;size distribution;emission factors;trace-elements;biomass;impact||Project:||Journal of Hazardous Materials||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 165, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 187-192.||摘要:||
Agricultural waste burning is performed after harvest periods in June and November in Taiwan typically, farmers use open burning to dispose of excess rice straw. PM(2.5) and PM(2.5-10) measurements were conducted at National Chung Hsing University in Taichung City using a dichotomous sampler. The sampling times were during straw burning periods after rice harvest during 2002-2005. Ionic species including SO(4)(2-), NO(3)(-), NH(4)(+). K(+), Ca(2)(+), Cl(-) and Na(+) and carbonaceous species (EC and OC) in PM(2.5) and PM(2.5-10) were analyzed. The results showed that the average PM(2.5) and PM2.5-10 concentrations were 123.6 and 31.5 mu g m(-3) during agricultural waste burning periods and 32.6 and 21.4 mu g m(-3) during non-waste burning periods, respectively. The fine aerosol ionic species including Cl(-), K(+) and NO(3)(-) increased 11.0, 6.7 and 5.5 times during agricultural burning periods compared with periods when agricultural waste burning is not performed. K(+) was found mainly in the fine mode during agricultural burning. High nitrogen oxidation ratio was found during agricultural waste burning periods which might be caused by the conversion of Nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) to NO(3)(-). It is concluded that agricultural waste burning with low dispersion often causes high PM(2.5) and gases pollutant events. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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