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|標題:||Mechanisms of particle agglomeration and inhibition approach in the existence of heavy metals during fluidized bed incineration||作者:||Kuo, J.H.
|關鍵字:||Agglomeration;Defluidization;Fluidization;Combustion;Pollution;Heavy metals;solid-waste incineration;low-rank coal;emission characteristics;equilibrium-analysis;sodium;combustion;defluidization;gasification;temperature;kaolin||Project:||Chemical Engineering Science||期刊/報告no：:||Chemical Engineering Science, Volume 65, Issue 17, Page(s) 4955-4966.||摘要:||
Agglomeration occuring during fluidized bed incineration not only causes the fluidization characteristics to change and the system to unexpectedly shut down, but it also leads to the generation of secondary pollutants such as heavy metals. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to estimate the mechanisms of particle agglomeration in fluidized bed incineration. Experiments are carried out, including a pilot-scale fluidized bed test and a laboratory furnace test. Thermodynamic equlibirum simulations are also considered. In addition, the speciation of agglomerates is determined from the analysis of the laboratory using X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), and field emission scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectrometry (FESEM-EDS). The expermental results reveal that higher concentrations of metals are emitted when defluidization occurs. When we compare the results from two different agglomeration inhibitors, the Al-based additive is shown to achieve higher levels of inhibition versus a Ca-based additive. In addition, the results from our simulation illustrate that the heavy metals Pb, Cr, and Cd have different affinities with Na, Si, Al, and Ca, which caused different emission behaviours duing the agglomeration inhibition process. Good agreement is observed among the experimental data, the agglomerate characterization, and the thermodynamic equilibrium simulations. The primary mechanism of both partice agglomeration and the emission of heavy metals are also established. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||環境工程學系所|
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