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標題: Preparation and characterization of carbon molecular sieve membranes for gas separation-the effect of incorporated multi-wall carbon nanotubes
作者: Tseng, H.H.
Kumar, I.A.
Weng, T.H.
Lu, C.Y.
Wey, M.Y.
關鍵字: Nanocomposite;Carbon membranes;Carbon nanotube;Polylimide;Gas;separation;nanocomposite thin-films;high permeance;silica;permeability;polyimide
Project: Desalination
期刊/報告no:: Desalination, Volume 240, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 40-45.
A new class of multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/carbon nanocomposite thin films Was Successfully prepared by incorporating (MWCNTs) into polyimide (PI) precursor solution. The carbon films were obtained in only one coating step by spin-coating technique on a macroporous alumina substrate and were pyrolyzed at 773 K. The structure and single gas permeation properties of PI-based carbon membranes incorporated with or without MWCNTs were investigated. From the FE-SEM images, the pure carbon membranes have a thin dense permselective layer with few closed pores while the permselective layer of the MWCNTs/carbon nanocomposite thin films are porous due to the structure of nanotubes. The MWCNTs/carbon nanocomposite thin films exhibited that the ideal carbon dioxide flux Was 866.6 Barrer (1 Barter = 1 x 10(-10) cm(3) (STP) cm cm(-1) s(-1) cm Hg(-1)) and the separation factor of CO(2)/N(2) was 4.1 at room temperature and 1 atm, which was 2-4 times of magnitude higher than that of pure carbon membrane prepared by the same procedures and conditions.
ISSN: 0011-9164
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2008.01.048
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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