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標題: Assessment of vegetation recovery and soil erosion at landslides caused by a catastrophic earthquake: A case study in Central Taiwan
作者: Lin, W.T.
Lin, C.Y.
Chou, W.C.
關鍵字: vegetation recovery;soil loss;landslide change analysis;wetland restoration;river;ecosystems;watersheds;prediction;experience;management;pollution;dynamics;creation
Project: Ecological Engineering
期刊/報告no:: Ecological Engineering, Volume 28, Issue 1, Page(s) 79-89.
Massive landslides, caused by the catastrophic Chi-Chi earthquake in 1999, occurred at the Jou-Jou Mountain area in the Wu-Chi basin, Taiwan. Multi-temporal satellite images coupled with an NDVI-based index were used to extract landslides and assess the changes. The extracted area soon after the earthquake is 822.97 ha. From 1999 through 2005, the denudation area has declined to 143.22 ha, which indicates that most landslides have been restored. Over six years of natural vegetation succession, vegetation recovery rate indicating vegetation coverage improvement percentage at landslides has reached 89.69%. Based on field surveys, many of native pioneer plants have invaded the denudation sites and formed a vegetated buffer strips to mitigate the impacts on debris-flow hazards and hillslope erosion. Additionally, soil erosion in the denudation sites at different dates was also estimated. The average annual erosion depth in the initial stage of the earthquake reached 6.04 mm, about 2.26 times as high as pre-quake. With vegetation recovery at landslides, soil erosion has significantly reduced after six years. The analyzed results provide very useful information for decision making and policy planning in the landslide area. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0925-8574
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2006.04.005
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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