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標題: Eco-environmental changes assessment at the Chiufenershan landslide area caused by catastrophic earthquake in Central Taiwan
作者: Lin, W.T.
Lin, C.Y.
Tsai, J.S.
Huang, P.H.
關鍵字: landslide change analysis;soil erosion;landscape change assessment;remotely-sensed data;restoration;watersheds;river;experience;erosion;models;china;gis
Project: Ecological Engineering
期刊/報告no:: Ecological Engineering, Volume 33, Issue 3-4, Page(s) 220-232.
A large-scale landslide, caused by, the catastrophic earthquake on 21 September 1999, occurred at the Chiufenershan area in Central Taiwan. Multi-temporal SPOT satellite images coupled with a self-organizing map neural network, terrain analysis, Universal Soil Loss Equation, and landscape patch indicators were used to assess eco -environmental changes of the denudation sites, such as changes of the post-quake landslide, terrain displacement, soil erosion, and landscape ecology. The extracted area soon after the earthquake was 215.68ha. From 1999 through 2006, the denudation area declined to 113.36ha, which indicates that about 47.44% of the landslide has been restored. Based on terrain analysis for the denudation sites, the debris volumes at the collapsed and deposited areas are 31,896,667 M3 and 39,537,067 m3, respectively. The large amount of debris blocked two streams, the Satsikenghsi and the Chiutsaihuhsi, to form two landslide -dammed lakes. The annual erosion depth soon after the earthquake reached 22.07 mm, about 3.59 times as high as pre-quake. Without vegetation cover on the topsoil, the denudation sites became high-erosion areas during subsequent typhoon seasons. However, with landslide restoration, annual soil erosion depth prediction has reduced to 13.54mm, about 2.21 times as high as pre-quake. In addition, the assessment of landscape patch indicators also points out the heterogeneity and the degree of richness of the landscape due to vegetation recovery at the landslide area. The analyzed results show that nature itself has a robust ability to restore its original landscape and mitigate disaster impacts for the destroyed eco -environment. @ 2008 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0925-8574
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.04.002
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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