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標題: Water repellency of Casuarina windbreaks (Casuarina equisetifolia Forst.) caused by fungi in central Taiwan
作者: Lin, C.Y.
Chou, W.C.
Tsai, J.S.
Lin, W.T.
關鍵字: water repellent layer;Casuarina plantation;fungi;humic substance;soil-water;humic materials;golf greens;wettability;management;vegetation;fe3
Project: Ecological Engineering
期刊/報告no:: Ecological Engineering, Volume 26, Issue 3, Page(s) 283-292.
The water repellent layer (WRL) in the Casuarina plantation near Taichung Harbor in central Taiwan is mainly due to the development of filamentous fungi. The hyphae of the isolated fungi and the metabolites of the TCHC-5 and TCHC-20 fungi are also significantly hydrophobic. In the soil layers, humic Substances decrease the phosphorus fixation and contribute to the formation of WRL. The hydrophobic properties of humic substances are unfavorable for the nutrient cycling in this area. The water contact angles of fulvic acids and humic acids are pH-dependent. Increasing the solution pH value reduces the hydrophobic strength for fulvic acids and/or humic acids. TCHC-15 and TCHC-16 isolated fungi exude strong acidic metabolites (pH 2.7-3.0). This may result in polymerization and/or precipitation of fulvic acids and humic acids and increase the hydrophobic strength of the soil layers. Humic substances with aliphatic chains are the main components that form WRL in soils. Soil pH may be an indicator of the hydrophobic potential for organic matters. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0925-8574
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2005.10.010
Appears in Collections:水土保持學系

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