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標題: The effect of ash and filter media characteristics on particle filtration efficiency in fluidized bed
作者: Wey, M.Y.
Chen, K.H.
Liu, K.Y.
關鍵字: fluidized bed;filter;particle;coal ash;incinerator ash;flow patterns;elutriation;gas;entrainment;adsorber;temperature;simulation;freeboard;humidity;organics
Project: Journal of Hazardous Materials
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 121, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 175-181.
The phenomenon of filtering particles by a fluidized bed is complex and the parameters that affect the control efficiency of filtration have not yet been clarified. The major objective of the study focuses on the effect of characteristics of ash and filter media on filtration efficiency in a fluidized bed. The performance of the fluidized bed for removal of particles in flue gas at various fluidized operating conditions, and then the mechanisms of collecting particles were studied. The evaluated parameters included (1) various ashes (coal ash and incinerator ash); (2) bed material size; (3) operating gas velocity; and (4) bed temperature. The results indicate that the removal efficiency of coal ash increases initially with gas velocity, then decreases gradually as velocity exceeds some specific value. Furthermore, the removal of coal ash enhance with silica sand size decreasing. When the fluidized bed is operated at high temperature, diffusion is a more important mechanism than at room temperature especially for small particles. Although the inertial impaction is the main collection mechanism, the "bounce off" effect when the particles collide with the bed material could reduce the removal efficiency significantly. Because of layer inversion in fluidized bed, the removal efficiency of incinerator ash is decreased with increasing of gas velocity. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3894
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.02.005
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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