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標題: A comparison of carbon/nanotube molecular sieve membranes with polymer blend carbon molecular sieve membranes for the gas permeation application
作者: Rao, P.S.
Wey, M.Y.
Tseng, H.H.
Kumar, I.A.
Weng, T.H.
關鍵字: polyetherimide;multi-wall carbon nanotubes;carbon molecular sieve;membranes;gas permeation;characterization;separation properties;polyimide;carbonization;fabrication;deposition;resin
Project: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials
期刊/報告no:: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Volume 113, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 499-510.
A novel polyetherimide (PEI)/multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) composite carbon membrane was prepared by spin coating method using PEI as a precursor. The PEI precursor was also modified by blending with polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP) and its effect on the gas transport property of the resulting carbon membrane was examined. The characteristics of the carbon structures and the gas permeation properties of the carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membranes pyrolyzed at 500 circle C were investigated. The best performance was obtained using the PEI/nanotube CMS membrane, where CO2 permeability 1463 Barrer and O-2/N-2 permselectivity was 24.16 at 26 circle C. Further the membranes were extensively characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) for surface morphology studies and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) for thermal properties. X-ray diffraction was employed to characterize the structures. The results indicated that the MWCNTs improve gas diffusivity by increasing the micropore volume, even the MWCNTs were not well dispersed in CMS membrane. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1387-1811
DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2007.12.008
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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