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標題: Influences of chlorine content on emission of HC1 and organic compounds in waste incineration using fluidized beds
作者: Wey, M.Y.
Liu, K.Y.
Yu, W.J.
Lin, C.L.
Chang, F.Y.
關鍵字: refuse derived fuel;operating-conditions;flue-gas;combustion;dibenzofurans;pollutants;pcdd/pcdf;system;pahs
Project: Waste Management
期刊/報告no:: Waste Management, Volume 28, Issue 2, Page(s) 406-415.
HC1 and some organic compounds are the precursors of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs) in municipal solid waste incinerators. In this work, a lab-scale fluidized bed incinerator is adopted to study the relationship between the organic and the inorganic chlorine contents of artificial wastes and the emissions of HC1 and organic compounds. The lower threshold limit (LTL) of chlorine content below which HC1 and organic compounds are not generated is studied. Experimental results showed that organic chlorides had a greater potential to release chlorine than inorganic chlorides. The generation of organic pollutants fell, but the emissions of HC1 increased with the temperature. The concentrations of chlorophenols (CPs)/chlorobenzenes (CBs) increased with chlorine contents. No LTL existed for HCl regardless of whether CaO was added. The LTL for CPs was between 0.1 and 0.3 wt% of inorganic chloride, but there was none for organic sources. For CBs, the LTL was between 0.5 and 1.0 wt% for inorganics at 700 and 800 degrees C, but 0.1-0.3 wt% at 700 degrees C and 0.3-0.5 wt% at 800 degrees C for organics. The production of PAHs and benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) was related to the surplus hydrogen ions that were not reacted with the chlorine. Adding CaO inhibited the production of HCl, CBs and CPs, but did not seriously affect PAHs and BTEX. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0956-053X
DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2006.12.008
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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